There is a PDF form of this on my website as well. You can access it here.
Policy Brief Regarding the Improvement of Services for Veterans with Substance Misuse Disorders or Veterans in Recovery on College Campuses
March 16, 2017
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) held a two day conference in Washington, D.C. on March 13-14, 2017, that brought national college leaders together to discuss how to increase the population and improve outcomes of diverse and underserviced populations. I was brought in to facilitate the conversation regarding veterans with substance misuse disorders (as well as veterans in recovery) on college campuses. In addition to veterans, this brief also applies to military service members who attend college while in the National Guard or Reserves.
- Veterans often only want to associate with other veterans.
- Veterans that report having positive military experiences are far more likely to access services than veterans who report having negative military experiences. Those that report negative military experiences usually have greater need of services.
- Veterans and service members often use their military experiences as a cudgel to resist therapy and other forms of assistance by uttering lines such as “you weren’t in (or there) so you wouldn’t understand” or “unless you lived it, you can’t help me.”
- Veterans are more likely to be older and have families than traditional students. There is a lack of services for their spouses and children.
- Because they are often older, veterans and service members sometimes report feeling “behind in life.”
- A lack of coordination between veteran services and other departments on college campuses.
- Lack of housing for veterans.
- Lack of ability to identify and treat PTSD on campus.
- Military and veteran culture usually encourages and normalizes heavy alcohol consumption.
- Tuition remission, VA payments, and GI Bill moneys are frequently delayed, causing financial hardships which result in late payments to college which results in deregistering from classes
- Campus professionals have a lack of knowledge of outside services available to service members and veterans.
- Collaborate with veterans center or services on campus. Set up in person meetings between professional staff at least once a semester. You will need to go to them.
- Approach veterans and service members as if they are in precontemplation on the stages of change model. Provide outreach and educational training on stress and how service members often use negative ways to cope (eating, shopping, gambling, substance misuse, fighting, sex).
- Currently, 42 college and universities have Peer Advisors for Veterans Education (PAVE) on campus (paveonecampus.org). Start a chapter on your campus.
- Work with veterans services or center on campus to develop a program that supports families. Using peer support for veterans’ families is cost effective and efficient. Syracuse University has a robust program called the Institute for Veterans and Military Families (IVMF).
- Use the experiences of veterans and service members to your advantage. Encourage them to engage in your community by putting them in leadership positions, and/or asking them to be of service to other students: they can lead activities such as hikes or captain intramural athletic teams; they can help students with physical fitness; they can tutor others; they can lead service events to soup kitchens and organize clothing drives; and those in recovery can take other people to meetings.
- Offer yoga (and other services) in your wellness or recovery centers that veterans and service members can attend without signing in. Getting them into your building anonymously will expose them to your building and professionals and may lead to rapport and trust.
- Having a veteran in your college recovery community will open the doors for more veterans and service members, much like other under-represented populations in CRCs.
- Work with admissions to identify service members and veterans. Reach out multiple times throughout the school year.
- Do not allow veterans and service members with substance misuse disorders (and/or mental health disorders) to use their military experience to push away therapists and professionals. This is enabling them. One does not need to have military experience to break through their resistance, but one should get some basic training on military and veteran structure, culture, and issues. Let’s call it Military Cultural Competency.
- Have a list of on campus and off campus housing options (including for families) handy for those that need it.
- Talk to the professionals at the veterans service program (if there is one on campus) about not providing alcohol nor normalizing its use.
- Ensure the counseling and medical professionals on campus are trained in adequate substance misuse disorder and PTSD screening. Ensure that new hires are trained in these areas. Be aware of local services that screen and treat Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI).
- Work with financial aid and the registrar’s office to smooth over financial problems that are related to delayed paperwork from military units, VA payments and late GI Bill checks. This is the most common problem that veterans and service members in college and universities complain about.
- Be aware of local and national services and organizations that can assist veterans and service members. I have compiled a list of vetted services at http://greenagel.com/for-soldiers-and-veterans/
Frank L. Greenagel II
MPAP, MSW, LCSW, LCADC, CASAC, ACSW, ICADC, CJC, CCS
Adjunct Professor – Rutgers School of Social Work
Instructor – Center of Alcohol Studies
NJ Governor’s Council on Alcoholism & Drug Abuse
1st LT – PA Army National Guard